Allah (swt) says to Prophet Mohammad (saw) in the Holy Quran: ‘Take sadqa (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it and invoke Allah for them. Verily! Your invocations are a source of security for them and Allah is All-Hearer and All-Knower’. (TMQ-9:103)
The charity that has been mentioned in this verse can be either interpreted as compulsory charity or zakaat (Farazi Sadqa) or else it can be Nafili Sadqa. In this verse, Prophet Mohammad (saw) has been told by Allah (swt) to take charity from the wealth of the people in order to purify and sanctify them. This verse shows that zakaat is a way of purifying one’s soul. It helps a person to abstain from greed, selfishness, miserliness and hoarding, thereby making his character stronger, nobler and virtuous.
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran: “The ones who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve” (TMQ-2:262)
This verse means that it is only the person who spends in the Way of Allah (swt) and who does not try to belittle and hurt the person (whom he helps) by reminding him about his charity, who will deserve the Mercy of Allah (swt). Besides this, Allah (swt)’s Mercy will be showered on those people who, after offering charity, do not use harsh words to hurt the self-respect of the poor, whom he offers help. This is such a grave sin that Prophet Mohammad (saw) has said that on the Day of Resurrection, Allah (swt) will not Speak to three types of sinners, one amongst them being those who remind others of their generosity. On the other hand, the kind and generous people (who do not remind the needy of their generosity) will be rewarded by Allah (swt). They will be protected from all fears and grief by Allah (swt).
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran: “Kind words and forgiveness are better than the Sadqa (charity) which is followed by injury”. (TMQ-2:263)
This verse also pinpoints the sin of reminding those who are helped about one’s generosity. It states that it is better to speak words of compassion and kindness to a beggar and to forgive him about his pushiness than to give him alms and then hurt him by belittling him and scorning him. Allah (swt) is Self-Sufficient and Forgiving.
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