Nikah is an Arabic word which means a contract. The Holy Quran has described marriage as a sacred contract or an agreement between a man and his wife.
Allah (swt) says in the Quran:
“And how could you take it when you have gone in unto each other and they have taken from you a solemn covenant:” (TMQ-4:21)
The Quran also says,”
“And one of His signs is that he created mates for you from yourself, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are signs for those who reflect” (TMQ-30:21)
This verse describes about the love and compassion which Allah (swt) creates between a man and his wife which is dissimilar from mere sexual pleasure. The marital relationship in Islam is much deeper and stronger than a mere sexual bond. The wife is not a maid servant of her husband but a life-partner who stands by her husband through thick and thin and acts as a pillar of strength for him. The marital relationship, as propounded by Islam, is based on love, harmony, mercy and goodwill.
The Holy Quran has described the relationship between a man and his wife in a very beautiful and sublime manner.
‘They (your wives) are your garments and you are a garment for them.” (TMQ-2:187)
This verse shows that Islam places a man and his wife on an equal footing in a marital relationship. The use of the word ‘garment’ speaks volumes about the marriage bond. The fact that a garment is so close to our body that it clings on to it hints at the intimacy that should be present between a man and his wife. Our garments also protect us from the vagaries of weather and bring dignity in our life. Likewise, a man and his wife are also supposed to protect each other and lend dignity to each other.
Prophet Mohammad (saw) said, ‘Nikah (marriage) is my Sunnah and whoever shuns my Sunnah is not my follower’. (Muslim)
For Muslims, marriage is a religious duty and not a lucrative contract which is signed in lure of material gains.
Marriage can shield a person from illegitimate sexual relationships. Narrated Alqama that Prophet Mohammad (saw) said, ‘He who can afford to get married should marry, because it will help him refrain from looking at other women and protect his private parts from committing illicit sexual relations and he who cannot afford to marry should fast because fasting will diminish his sexual urges’. (Bukhari-3:129).
The sacred institution of marriage serves as a tool for the continuation of human race and the protection of the off springs. Therefore Islam vehemently condemns pre-marital sex as it is against the objectives of Islam.
In Islam marriage is also as act of worship. Prophet Mohammad (saw) said, ‘He who marries fulfills half of his religion. Let him fear Allah regarding the remaining half’. (Sahih Bukhari)
So we find that in Islam, marriage is a contract which is structured according to the orders of Allah (swt) and which is blended beautifully with emotions such as love, mercy, and compatibility for the continuation of the human race.
Amel soname contact