Irrespective of the place where we live, whether it is a dar-al-harb (non-Muslim land) or dar-al-Islam (Islamic country), we often find that our Muslim brethren say, ‘This is not allowed in Shariah’. Or this is in accordance with the Shariah. Every Muslim is aware about the term Shariah.
In this blog, I shall delve more deeply into the topic of Shariah as it the first and foremost duty of every practicing Muslim to know about Shariah (Islamic Law) because each one of us has to ultimately appear in the Court of Allah (SWT) on the Day of Judgment.
We all have oft heard that ‘Islam is not just a religion but a way of life’. Likewise, Shariah, which is the Islamic Law, also encompasses each and every sphere of a Muslim’s life. Shariah Law can be used to solve every problem under the sun, whether it is private, such as personal hygiene, marriage etc or public, such as International disputes, crime, conflicts or war related.
The Shariah Law is primarily based on the Word of Allah (swt), i.e. the Holy Quran. At this point it would be essential to discuss about the term Ahkam, which is the plural form of Hukum. Ahkam can be defined as a ruling, command, injunction or judgment. The Commands or Ahkam of the Holy Quran are the main source of Shariah. The Quranic verses with legal connotations provide a code of conduct for every Muslim and they help in distinguishing the lawful (halal) from the unlawful (haram).
The knowledge of the Sunnah of the prophet (saw), which is the secondary source of the Shariah, is essential for a proper understanding of the Quranic rulings. This is because the Sunnah provides us with additional information and explanation about the Quranic teachings.
Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran: ‘Certainly did Allah confer (great) favor upon the Muslims when He sent amongst them a Messenger from themselves, reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom, although they had been before in manifest error’. (TMQ: 3:164).
In the next post, I shall discuss about the sources of Shariah Law in detail.
Keep Me In Your Prayers.